3:31 He who comes from above is above all. He who is of the earth belongs to the earth and speaks in an earthly way. He who comes from heaven is above all.
John MacArthur really lays out convincingly that this section of scripture is all about the preeminence of Christ. He says that there are 4 or 5 different ways in which the scripture shows this, and I’m going to create sub-headings here for each one since it was so good, and I will write my own thoughts underneath his sub-headings.
Christ is declaring to us the absolute authority and singularity with which He reigns. If you are a sinner, lost without Christ, this is a terrifying truth. If you are a Christian, held closely to the bosom of Christ, this is a magnificent truth, it is a beautiful truth, for He is your sovereign. He is sovereign, He is sufficient, and He is supreme. As Abraham Kuyper once famously said, “Oh, no single piece of our mental world is to be hermetically sealed off from the rest, and there is not a square inch in the whole domain of our human existence over which Christ, who is Sovereign over all, does not cry: ‘Mine!’”
Now onto the first heading…
First: Christ had a Heavenly Origin
- His claim to be divine is at the essence of His supremacy. If He is divine, then His words have a force behind them that ordinary men’s words would not have.
- If you are to tell someone you’re above all, it indicates that you have more authority than anyone else. This is the kind of statement that causes some secularists to call Christ an “ego-maniac” and the like. And surely He would be, if He did not have the right to claim the things He did about Himself. Similarly, these are the kinds of statements that cause us to deal with what kind of man Jesus was. Josh McDowell, the famous Atheist turned Christian-apologist, said that we must all deal with Jesus in some way and that we end up either having to call Him “liar, lunatic, or Lord.”
- This is something that every non-believer must be confronted with, and it’s the same question that Jesus put to Peter “who do you say I am?” Your response to that question will reveal whether or not you will spend eternal life with Christ or not.
3:32 He bears witness to what he has seen and heard, yet no one receives his testimony.
Second: Christ Knew the Truth First Hand
- Being divine, and having come from heaven, He would have heard God’s words first hand. Being both God and man, He understood the will of God for mankind perfectly. He was able to testify to God’s words with perfect accuracy because He was in the presence of God, but also because He was/is God!
- When we start to think about Christ “hearing” testimony, we quickly begin to picture in our minds the conversation between members of the Trinity from before the world was created. We don’t exactly know how they communicate one to another since they all have the same mind. These are the kinds of things that men cannot know; they are mysteries fall too deep for us to plum. But Christ realizes this, so He speaks in ways that He knows we’ll comprehend, and this is why He was a great “rabbi” because He could communicate the heavenly things so well, and yet the heavenly things were so wonderful that many in His day didn’t have a clue what He was talking about, and we’re still unpacking them today.
3:33 Whoever receives his testimony sets his seal to this, that God is true.
Third: Christ’s Testimony Always Agreed with God
- Naturally, if Christ is God, then He will always agree with what God has to say because He is agreeing with Himself. Though it is difficult for us to grasp the complexity of the trinity, the doctrine of the trinity is well established in these verses. All three forms of the Godhead are mentioned in this section. Each member of the Godhead is mentioned as unique, and yet each one is mentioned as part of the One whole true God.
- As to the text, we see that John is presenting us with a reality, and that reality is that if we accept the testimony of Jesus, then we must necessarily accept the premise that what God says is true, and therefore whatever Jesus says is true. Once we agree (“set our seal to”) that God is the very essence of truth, we necessarily have a basis for putting our trust in the testimony of His Son.
3:34 For he whom God has sent utters the words of God, for he gives the Spirit without measure.
Fourth: Christ Experienced the Power of the Holy Spirit Without Limit
- Because Jesus is divine, He was filled with the Spirit during His time on earth – and not just a little power of the Spirit, but power “without measure.” This is an incredible thing to think on. I have no doubt that the Spirit of God was working in compliment to His own deity to perform many of the miracles that He performed on earth. I have no idea how this worked, but we read that it happened, and we know that it happened, and we know that Christ had the Spirit without limit.
- As Boice points out, some have erroneously thought this passage means that God gives the Spirit to believers without measure, but that is obviously not the case as our own experience bears witness. It is also preposterous to think that mere humans without the nature of divinity (as Christ had) could possible contain the fullness of the Spirit. If this were the case, we would see miracle after miracle. Lastly, we know it is not the case because we are such sinful creatures that the Spirit of God, while striving with us, is often ignored by our disobedience. We do not tap into the power of the Spirit nearly as much as one would expect who had the full and unlimited power of the Spirit “without measure.”
3:35-36 The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand.  Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him.
Fifth: Christ Received all Authority from the Father
- If Jesus is divine, as we have reasoned from above, then it means that everything He has to say is something we need to be paying attention to. He has all authority. By way of analogy, it reminds me of when I was growing up and my parents would go out for the evening, leaving us with a babysitter. The babysitter was not (in our view) endowed with all of the authority that our parents had. Though she may have been acting as a sort of regent of my parent’s authority, I certainly didn’t take her word as having the same power as my parent’s word. My parents were the supreme authority. And by way of extension to this analogy, if my mom gave me an order, and testified to me that my father was in agreement with her on this matter, I certainly believed her. Why? Because my parents were a united front. Anything my mom said my dad agreed upon and vise versa. They had the same mind, and there was no disunity between them.
- So it is with the authority of Christ – and so it ought to be with us by way of extension. That is to say that we are co-regents with Christ on this planet. We reign with Him. Paul says that we have the mind of Christ, and that is because we have the Spirit of Christ who is the one giving us the thoughts of the mind of Christ. Furthermore, we are being conformed into the image of Christ. Now, we don’t perfectly represent the mind and authority of Christ, just as my babysitter didn’t perfectly represent my parents. I remember a few times when babysitters did really foolish things and said foolish things that my parents would never have approved of.
- In verse 36 John tells us that whoever believes in Christ will reap eternal life. There is a connection here between obedience and belief, and disobedience and wrath. Note that it isn’t as though our actions reap a reward immediately upon their execution. That is to say that the word “remains” indicates that we are already going to incur the wrath of God – it is the de-facto state of affairs for humanity until we do something about it (believe in Christ).
- Lastly, it’s important to remember that we’re talking life and death here. The Bible is a book that deals with the most difficult matters human beings have to deal with in life. When we read about what Christ said, it isn’t the story of a man who wasted His words talking about things that were fleeting. So as a consequence, when we study the Bible we end up confronting these “ultimate” issues. And if we read the gospels, this is especially true.
A Few Questions to ask ourselves:
- If Christ is supreme over my life, am I striving toward pleasing Him with my life?
- If Christ is supreme over all humanity, am I striving to present my family to Him as ones cleansed by the Word of God?
- If I believe that this man Jesus’ message is truly from God, what steps am I taking to obey it?
How do we teach this to our children? Here’s an example: Today we talked about Jesus and about His nature – who He is as a person and how He learned everything He knew from God the Father before He even came to earth. Because His message was from God, and because God is completely truthful in everything He says and does, that means that Jesus’ message to us is completely truthful, which means that we need to pay very close attention to what we learn in the Bible about Jesus (Heb. 2:1) and what He says.